The Pinewood of Classe extends between the cities of Classe and Cervia to the south of Ravenna. Originally, it was part of a wide lowland forest that used to stretch over the entire coastline of Ravenna. Today, its surface has shrunk to 900 hectares. The pine forest is divided into three areas: the Ortazzino pinewood, close to Lido di Classe; the Ortazzo and the pinewood of Classe itself.
The vegetation growing in the pinewood is typically Mediterranean and covers both dry meadows and flooded lowlands with slightly brackish and fresh water.
For economical reasons, over the years more and more pine trees have been planted in the forest, that used to be populated mainly by mesophilic and thermophilic oaks. The tree species now inhabiting the park are holm oaks, oaks, common oaks, hornbeams and oriental hornbeams, asparagus, privets, blackthorns, service trees, medlars and others.
Over the last two centuries, human intervention has caused a great loss in the local fauna: the majority of diurnal birds of pray, some bird species typical of forests and all big mammals once living in the pinewood have disappeared. Nevertheless, a varied bird population is still nesting in the forest, that includes nightingales, robins, wrens, blackcaps, whitethroats, subalpine warblers, blackbirds, mistle thrushs, chiffchaffs, melodious warblers, long-tailed tits, blue tits, great tits, eurasian nuthatches, chaffinches, serini, greenfinches, goldfinches, cirl buntings, corn buntings, magpies, crows, golden orioles, shrikes, hoopoes, turtle doves, green woodpeckers, great spotted woodpeckers, tawny owls, horned owls, owls, long-eared owls, hobbies and pheasants, as well as a moderate population of amphibians and reptiles.
The most interesting natural environment of the Pinewood of Classe is the so-called Ortazzo, Ortazzino and Bevano mouth site, that represents one of the wildest area of the province and of the entire Adria Coast.
The Pinewood of Classe is located between Classe, Fosso Ghiaia and Savio, east of Strada Statale 16 Adriatica, and can be reached via two routes. The former is a 4-km long itinerary called "Le Querce di Dante", starting in Parco 1° Maggio, and can be covered on foot or by bycicle. The latter ("Equestre, percorso 3") is dedicated to the transit of horses and can be entered from via Sila, precisely from the southernmost car park of the Pinewood, next to Bevano stream. It is now exclusively dedicated to the passage of horses.
Edited by the editorial team
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Last modified date: 20/04/2020